Blog

15 January 2019 - Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are one of the most prominent applications of blockchain for finance, allowing for an innovative and inclusive way of financing small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Although the lack of regulatory clarity currently exposes ICO participants to some risks, appropriately regulated and supervised ICOs offer a potential new way to raise capital for projects enabled by Distributed Ledger Technologies and the blockchain.

This report analyses the emergence and potential of ICOs as a financing mechanism for start-ups and SMEs, examines the benefits and challenges of this mechanism for small businesses and investors, and discusses the policy implications of ICO activity for the inclusive financing of SMEs and the real economy...

Source: OECD.

Published in INDUSTRY REPORTS

The Securities and Exchange Commission’s Enforcement Division issued the annual report of its ongoing efforts to protect investors and market integrity, Nov. 2, 2018. The report also highlights several significant actions and initiatives that took place in FY 2018.  The report presents the activities of the Division from both a qualitative and quantitative perspective.

In accordance with Chairman Clayton’s charge to focus on Main Street investors, Division of Enforcement Co-Directors Stephanie Avakian and Steven Peikin previously outlined five core principles that serve to guide the work of the division.

The core principles – focus on the Main Street investor, focus on individual accountability, keep pace with technological change, impose remedies that most effectively further enforcement goals, and constantly assess the allocation of resources – were first described in the Division’s FY 2017 annual report.  The Division’s adherence to these principles resulted in meaningful results, including the return of almost $800 million to harmed investors, holding individuals – including many at the highest level – accountable, barring bad actors from the securities markets, and sending strong messages of deterrence.  The impact of these actions has unquestionably protected investors of all types, particularly retail investors.

The Division’s focus on obtaining relief for harmed investors is underscored by various retail investor-specific initiatives.  One example is the Division’s Share Class Selection Disclosure Initiative, a self-reporting initiative designed to quickly return money to investors who may have been harmed by failures to disclose conflicts of interests related to the selection of mutual fund share classes.

Also illustrative of the Division’s impact in protecting investors and market integrity is the groundbreaking approach to addressing misconduct involving initial coin offerings and digital assets, which reflects a focus on cases that deliver strong and clear messages and have broad market impact.

Quantitatively, the SEC brought a diverse mix of 821 enforcement actions, including 490 standalone actions, and returned $794 million to harmed investors.  A significant number of the SEC’s standalone cases concerned investment advisory issues, securities offerings, and issuer reporting/accounting and auditing, collectively comprising approximately 63 percent of the overall number of standalone actions.  The SEC also continued to bring actions relating to market manipulation, insider trading, and broker-dealer misconduct, with each comprising approximately 10 percent of the overall number of standalone actions, as well as other areas.  And it obtained judgments and orders totaling more than $3.945 billion in disgorgement and penalties...

Source:  SEC.gov

Published in INDUSTRY REPORTS

About SICP

Security Intelligence Cryptocurrencies Platform - Cybersecurity infrastructure of the blockchain and antifraud in the cryptocurrency sphere. SICP - antiscam, trust, compliance.

Get In Touch

Address: Russia St. Petersburg Marshal Tukhachevsky 22

Phone: +7 (812) 983-0483

Fax: +7 (812) 983-0483

Email: sicp@ueba.su

Website: www.ueba.su

Join Our Community

Sign up to receive email for the latest information.

Search